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China’s rainbow mountains, officially known as the Zhangye Danxia National Landform Geological Park, are located just outside of Zhangye city, in a part of Gansu called the Hexi Corridor. Formed by weathering, environmental conditions and sedimentary deposits over time, the mountain’s unique minerology created a marbling effect, with layered hues of gold, lavender, red and turquoise towering into the sky. The Rainbow Mountain or Vinicunca is a mountain near Cusco in Peru.

The rainbow mountains consist of chalky sand rocks and mud rocks, which were deposited in China before the formation of the Himalayas, and during that it was deposited with sand, iron clay and some rare minerals that provided the rocks with the main component to form the colors we see today.

But what turned the flat sedimentary layers into mountains was the collision of the Indian plate with the Eurasian plate about 55 million years ago, and the pressure of the two plates led to the folding of the sedimentary rock layers into mountains, and after the mountains rose, the sedimentary rocks that were hidden under the surface of the earth were revealed, after the weathering processes removed And erosion of the upper layers of continental rocks and revealed the basic formations of rocks containing minerals, with different chemical properties, and this difference caused the appearance of these amazing colors over the mountains.

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